Research / Research Highlights

Research Highlights

Research Highlights /

Research Highlights

Prof. Hyung Jin Choi

The Secret to Satiety Unveiled by Seoul National University Researchers!

GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are effective anti-obesity drugs. However, the precise central mechanisms of GLP-1RAs remain elusive. We administered GLP-1RAs to obese patients and observed heightened sense of preingestive satiation. Analysis of human and mouse brain samples pinpointed GLP-1R neurons in the dorsomedial hypothalamus (DMH) as candidates for encoding preingestive satiation. Optogenetic manipulation of DMHGLP-1R neurons caused satiation. Calcium imaging demonstrated that these neurons are actively involved in encoding preingestive satiation. GLP-1RA administration increased the activity of DMHGLP-1R neurons selectively during eating behavior. We further identified an intricate interplay between DMHGLP-1R neurons and arcuate NPY/AgRP neurons (ARCNPY/AgRP), to regulate food intake. Our findings reveal a hypothalamic mechanism through which GLP-1RAs control preingestive satiation, offering novel neural targets for obesity and metabolic diseases.

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